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The Disease of Our Age: Obesity

Sleeve-Gastrectomy

By Emel Gerdaneri • Medical review by Ali Durmus, MD

The Disease of Our Age: Obesity

The rapid development of technology often brings great benefits to humanity.

However, with the development of technology, driving almost everywhere, climbing stairs has become a thing of the past, and the fact that even grocery shopping is done online has made people accustomed to a sedentary life.

There's also a fast food and frozen convenience food version. The situation here is more critical. In today's world, which is intertwined with technology and modernized, every moment of life is lived fast and ready-made foods are consumed in most homes.

As a mix of this modernization, a sedentary life and excessive caloric intake are experienced, and obesity becomes an inevitable situation.

If you are struggling with obesity, the disease of our age, you need to get expert support. Everything you need to know about the subject, we asked General Surgery Specialist Ali Durmus MD.

Here's what you need to know about obesity, its diagnosis and treatment:
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“The World Health Organization (WHO) defines obesity as “abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that impairs general health”.

The fact that 1.9 billion people worldwide are overweight is the biggest proof of how widespread obesity is.”

What Are The Causes of Obesity?

fast food“One of the most common causes of obesity is a sedentary lifestyle and eating disorders. Eating more calories than burned causes obesity.

Because the calories that the body takes more than it needs are stored as fat by the body. In addition, consumption of fast food is among the causes of obesity.

In addition, factors such as excess weight gained during pregnancy, medical problems, age and socio-economic status of the person also cause obesity. Genetic factors also accelerate obesity.”

How Is Obesity Diagnosed?

BMI“Body mass index is the most accurate way to diagnose obesity. BMI, or body mass index, is determined by dividing body weight and length in meters squared. If this rate is over 30, the patient is diagnosed with obesity.

According to the body mass index result:

BMI Grade
18.5 or less Weak
18.5 to <25.0 Normal
25.0 - <30.0 Overweight
30.0 to <35.0 class 1 obesity
35.0 - <40.0 class 2 obesity
40.0 or higher class 3 obesity (also known as morbid, extreme, or severe obesity)

In addition, certain tests may be ordered to help diagnose obesity-related health risks.

  • blood tests to examine cholesterol and glucose levels
  • liver function tests
  • diabetes screening
  • thyroid tests
  • heart tests, such as an electrocardiogram (EKG)

Measuring your waistline is also a good predictor of your risk for obesity-related diseases.

What Are the Symptoms of Obesity?

symptoms of obesity“The most common symptoms of obesity are as follows:

  • Excessive weight gain and accompanying fat around the waist
  • Excessive sweating
  • Feeling tired
  • Waking up in the morning like you haven't slept at all
  • Snore
  • Formation of wounds on the skin
  • Joint and back pain
  • Some psychological problems such as depression”

Diseases Associated with Obesity

Prader Willi Syndrome: Although it is a rare disease, I can state that we operated on two patients who had this condition before.

Symptoms such as mental retardation, eating disorders, emotional disorders and increased appetite are seen in this syndrome.

Cushing's Syndrome: It occurs when the patient is exposed to high levels of the hormone cortisol for a long time.

Who Is Called Obese?

obese“Overweight people should not be confused with obesity. Having more than ideal weight for a person's age and height can be defined as overweight. Obesity is considered as body fat.”

What Are The Diseases That Can Be Caused By Obesity?

  • Hypertension

  • Type 2 diabetes

  • Atralgia

  • Cancer

  • Gallbladder stone

  • Skin disease

  • Sleep sucker

  • Infertility

  • Fatty liver

  • Reflux

  • Thromboembolism

  • Asthma

  • Psychological disorders

  • Sexual dysfunction

  • Endocrine disorders

Is There a Treatment for Obesity?

caused by obesity“Obesity is a treatable disease. The methods used in the treatment of obesity are as follows:

  • Diet (medical nutrition therapy and medical nutrition therapy)

  • Physical exercise

  • Behavioral therapy (change of feeding behavior)

  • Medication

  • Bariatric surgery

  • Mini gastric bypass

  • Transit bipartition surgery

  • Stomach folding surgery

  • Stomach botox

Bariatric surgery: In order to combat obesity, preventive activities such as exercise and conscious nutrition are gained, and treatment methods that require larger operations can also be applied.

Bariatric surgery (obesity surgery) is the most commonly used of these methods today. In bariatric surgery methods, individuals who have undergone sleeve gastrectomy can start to lose weight, live healthy and improve their quality of life by getting rid of diseases such as sleep disorders over time.

Mini gastric bypass: This In the method, it is aimed for the patient to lose weight in a controlled manner.

Therefore, on the one hand, it helps the patient to get rid of their excess weight, on the other hand, it prevents possible diseases that may occur due to excess weight.

Transit bipartition surgery: In general, it can be summarized as a large LSG to the stomach and then gastric bypass.

Stomach folding surgery: It is the process of folding the stomach on itself. Gastric folding surgery, which is one of the preferred methods in the treatment of obesity, is often confused with sleeve gastrectomy surgery.

In this process, called gastric plication, the stomach is folded inward.

Stomach botox: It is one of the methods applied in case of excess weight. This procedure is applied to those who want to lose 10% or 15% of their current weight despite having a low BMI, or body mass index.

Let us state that it should not be considered as an alternative method to gastritis bypass surgery or sleeve gastrectomy surgery for those who have obesity problems.”

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Written on 14/06/2021

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Last Update: 03/06/2022

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