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Fahrettin Yilmaz, MD "Guess who were the best rhinoplasty doctors?"

Rhinoplasty
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By Emel Gerdaneri • Medical review by Fahrettin Yilmaz, MD

Dr. Fahrettin Yilmaz: “Guess Who Were the Best Rhinoplasty Doctors?”

Rhinoplasty is a word of Greek origin and means "reshaping the nose".

Rhinoplasty is one of the most common and most frequently performed surgical procedures in the world. So, when was the first rhinoplasty performed, and what stages did rhinoplasty go through in history?

Ear Nose Throat Diseases and Head and Neck Surgery Specialist
Dr. Fahrettin Yılmaz take us on a historical journey.

“Mankind has been doing many other interventions on the nose for many years, such as correcting the nose, re-forming, restoring its functions and increasing its beauty by eliminating aesthetic problems, surgical correction of congenital defects, previous nasal aesthetic revisions that prevent or fail to breathe, and many more. working on it.

When we look at the dusty pages of history for the repair of a broken nose, a papyrus paper first found by Edwin Smith is encountered. Guess who were the best rhinoplasty doctors at that time?

The World's First Nose Study

https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/hA1UzrbKtVi8JXrCRPeFRN_AY-fJnFe-V0-C_nJESTJFfTAg0kSQz74cSqnGdjZkdDqGa7_THxppIm243gg7Yk3cBENKRJvyw5HFCw6bm0kSQZkdDqGa7_THxppIm243gg7Yk3cBENKRJvyw5HFCw6BMKJvyw5HFCw6BMK We can say that the best rhinoplasty doctor lived in Ancient Egypt at that time. Sweetcorn; It is different geography, the place where the firsts were experienced, found, and researched.

Yes, the Ancient Egyptians were the first to study the nose in the world. This transcription, the oldest known surgical treatise, corresponds to 3000-2500 BC in the Ancient Kingdom of Egypt.

Another ancient community where rhinoplasty techniques were performed is located in the territory of India. Sushruta, an Ayurvedic doctor, contains inscriptions on how the nose can be reconstructed.

It is extremely surprising that these inscriptions, which are accepted as the medico-surgery summary of Sushruta Samhita (500 BC), include applied plastic surgery techniques developed by him and his medical students.

Nose Aesthetics in the Roman Period

rome When we look at the Roman period (27 BC-AD 476) we see Aulus Cornelius Celsus. Giving descriptions of plastic surgery techniques and procedures, this surgeon has published extensively on how to reconstruct the nose and other body parts.

Byzantine Julian the Apostate (331-363 AD), royal doctor Oribasius (c. 320-400 AD), in his 70-volume publication named Medicare, explained how bones should be surgically placed to heal without damaging the facial flesh, and how to prevent infection to remove damaged tissue. He wrote how autologous fat cells should be used to accelerate healing.

Are you aware that I am talking about 2000 years ago now? And we can say that almost all of these doctors do free rhinoplasty, by providing a tremendous service, and by the interventions, they make on the patients, they provide some benefit to today's rhinoplasty.

Articles on Nose Aesthetics

https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/0e12K7VH79SPeuXFmy33wpmq9Ntgj3AwWAOz12lo_40pjaz1uIR_YNJ1N-Pvj5FCaPjNBZS5XsnxvW7UxlHlNJ0w0j3Fy4lFj0j3Fy4Rj0j4KRU8J0w0j3Fy4Rj0h4KRU8VW7UxlHlNJ0w0j3Fy4Tij0h6 In the 11th century, the Arab physician Ibn Abi Usaybia (1203-1270) translated the book of Sushruta Samhita in Damascus. It took a long time to translate these original texts in Sanskrit into Arabic.

When the translations were finished, the medical summary of Sushruta's book began an intercontinental journey. Chief among those who were influenced by this book is Şerefeddin Sabuncuoğlu, who has written another publication, "Surgery-ul Haniye" (Imperial Surgery, 15th century).

Sabuncuoğlu, who lived between 1385 and 1468, also has many medical writings.

In Italy, Gasparo Tagliacozzi (1546-1599) witnessed Indian rhinoplasty procedures in the 18th century.

They published photographs of rhinoplasty procedures and nose reshaping in the Madras Newspaper, in English.

Later, in 1815, Dr. Karl Ferdinand wrote a book about reconstructing the human nose. Later, Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach also wrote a book on rhinoplasty, and is considered one of the best texts on rhinoplasty.

Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach is among the first surgeons to anesthetize the patient before performing nose surgery. (1794-1847).

First Closed and Open Nose Aesthetics

open rhinoplasty An article written by otolaryngologist John Orlando Roe in 1887 in the United States is considered the first scientific text of the closed rhinoplasty technique.

Despite the prominence of the open rhinoplasty approach in the middle of the 20th century, closed rhinoplasty studies continued. Padovan defended the open rhinoplasty approach and explained the details of the technique.

Nowadays

rhinoplasty today Today, based on the patient's nose structure, rhinoplasty is performed with an open rhinoplasty, closed rhinoplasty, and many different techniques.

Whether open or closed rhinoplasty is performed, the most important issues for the rhinoplasty are to make an application on the outer surface that will satisfy the patient and eliminate aesthetic concerns, together with an infrastructure that allows the patient to breathe correctly after the operation.

The civilizations and doctors I have just mentioned and mentioned can be considered as the building blocks of rhinoplasty.

Those who have an open nose or closed, and even the popular application of recent piezo rhinoplasty, researchers, questioners, the basis, thought and starting point of all are the same “Making the nose better”.

Of course, rhinoplasty is not just for aesthetics. It is also used for the correction of congenital anomalies.

Salute to all scientists who have devoted themselves to helping those who have been dealing with the nose for centuries and who have problems with the nose!”


Written on 03/11/2020

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Last Update: 20/06/2022

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