The Most Dangerous and Major Pandemic: Obesity


By Emel Gerdaneri • Medical review by Vehibe Isik, MD

The Most Dangerous and Major Pandemic: Obesity

The rapid development of technology often brings great benefits to humanity.

However, with the development of technology, going almost everywhere by car, climbing stairs is a thing of the past, and even grocery shopping is done online has made people accustomed to a sedentary life.

There's also a fast food and frozen ready-to-eat version of it. The situation here is more critical. In today's world, which is intertwined with technology and modernized, every moment of life is lived fast and ready-made foods are consumed in most homes.

As a mix of this modernization, a sedentary life and excessive caloric intake are experienced, and obesity becomes an inevitable situation.

If you are struggling with obesity, the disease of our age, you need to get expert support. Everything you need to know about the subject, General Surgeon Vehibe Isik, MD explained:
Vehibe Isik, MD

Here's What You Need To Know About Obesity, Its Diagnosis and Treatment

WHOVehibe Isik MD: “The World Health Organization (WHO-WHO) defines obesity as “abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that impairs general health”.

The fact that 1.9 billion people worldwide are overweight is the biggest proof of how widespread obesity is.”

What are the Causes of Obesity?

obesity“One of the most common causes of obesity is a sedentary lifestyle and eating disorders.

Eating more calories than burned causes obesity because the calories that the body takes in more than it needs are stored as fat by the body.

In addition, consumption of fast food is among the causes of obesity. In addition, factors such as excess weight gained during pregnancy, medical problems, age and socio-economic status of the person also cause obesity.

Genetic factors also accelerate obesity.”

How Is Obesity Diagnosed?

obesity diagnosed“Body mass index is the most accurate way to diagnose obesity. BMI, or body mass index, is determined by dividing body weight and length in meters squared.

If this rate is over 30, the patient is diagnosed with obesity.

According to the body mass index result:



18.5 or less


18.5 to < 25.0


25.0 - < 30.0


30.0 to < 35.0

Class 1 Obesity

35.0 - < 40.0

Class 2 Obesity

40.0 or higher

Class 3 Obesity
(also known as morbid, extreme, or severe obesity)

In addition, certain tests may be ordered to help diagnose obesity-related health risks:

  • Blood Tests to Examine Cholesterol and Glucose Levels

  • Liver Function Tests

  • Diabetes Screening

  • Thyroid Tests

  • Heart Tests Like Electrocardiogram (Ekg or Ecg)

  • Your waist measurement is also a good predictor of your risk for Obesity-Related Diseases.

What Are the Symptoms of Obesity?

symptoms of obesity“The most common symptoms of obesity are as follows:

  • Excessive weight gain and accompanying fat around the waist

  • Excessive sweating

  • Feeling tired

  • Waking up in the morning as if you haven't slept at all

  • Snoring

  • Formation of wounds on the skin

  • Joint and back pain

  • Some psychological problems such as depression”

Who Is Called Obese?

obesity diagnosed“Overweight people should not be confused with obesity. Having more than ideal weight for a person's age and height can be defined as overweight. Obesity is considered as body fat.”

What Diseases Can Obesity Cause?


  • Hypertension

  • Type 2 diabetes

  • Atralgia

  • Cancer

  • Gallbladder stone

  • Skin disease

  • Sleep apnea

  • Infertility

  • Fatty liver

  • Reflux

  • Thromboembolism

  • Asthma

  • Psychological disorders

  • Sexual dysfunction

  • Endocrine disorders

Is There a Treatment for Obesity?

treatment for obesity“Obesity is a treatable disease. The methods used in the treatment of obesity are as follows:

  • Diet (medical nutrition therapy and medical nutrition therapy)

  • Physical exercise

  • Behavioral therapy (change of feeding behavior)

  • Medication

  • Sleeve gastrectomy

  • Mini gastric bypass

  • Transit bipartition surgery

  • Gastric folding surgery

  • Gastric botox

  • Gastric balloon

Gastric botox is applied endoscopically to patients who are overweight but not in the morbidly obese class.

With the effect of Botox, weight loss is achieved by delaying gastric emptying and reducing the secretion of hunger hormone.

Gastric balloon is administered endoscopically or swallowed in pill form. By occupying space in the stomach, the amount of eating is reduced, and it also delays gastric emptying by creating a barrier at the stomach exit.

Thus, the patient loses weight by eating less and less frequently.

Surgery is used in the treatment of obesity when diet and other methods cannot be managed.

Sleeve gastrectomy is the most applied method for this. In this surgery, the stomachThe bulk of it is removed laparoscopically and its volume is reduced. Since the amount of food and calories taken by the patient decreases, weight loss occurs.

In the minigastric bypass procedure, after the stomach is reduced, the small intestine is directly combined with the stomach. Weight loss is achieved by reducing both food intake and absorption of eroded food.

In the bipartition process, after the sleeve gastrectomy is performed, if we connect it thinly with the stomach, a bypass is performed.

Let us state that it should not be considered as an alternative method to gastritis bypass surgery or sleeve gastrectomy surgery for those who have obesity problems.”

Written on 26/01/2023


Last Update: 26/01/2023

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